Above the Vltava River is a small cliff side jutting out from the river which is said to be the first settlement of the Czechs. Known as Vysehrad, the hilltop fortress was the seat of power before Prague existed and before the Holy Roman Emperor, Charles the IV, built his new royal residence where Prague Castle sits today.
Most tourists miss this area, wich is nice because it is still quite peaceful and not overrun by them. Today the site is dominated by the 17th century ramparts and fortifications, but as you pass the remnants of Medieval gates you come across, Basilica of St Peter and St Paul, the Tábor and Leopold gates, parts of the Romanesque bridge, the Romanesque rotunda of St. Martin, and Vyšehrad Cemetery.
Unlike cemeteries in the United States, the Czech cemeteries, even those that are not filled with the famous or historical are all National Geographic Moments. Beds of flowers will outline a grave or tomb, all are visited quite frequently and tended to by relatives. Some graves have generations of family members beneath the hallowed ground who are cared for by the descendants. It can be quite a peaceful and tranquil experience.